Subject: Gurdwara Chowa Sahib, Jehlum
- 1. History. Gurdwara Chowa Sahib is located at the northern edge of Rohtas Fort, near Jehlum city of Pakistan. Situated near the Kabuli gate of Rohtas fort, Gurdwara commemorates the site where Guru Nanak is believed to have created a water-spring fourth of Guru Nanak’s journeys – known as “Udasis” in 1521. Maharaja Ranjit Singh during his rule built proper Gurdwara alongwith Sarovar Sahib in 1834 and named it Gurdwara Chowa Sahib because in Persian, a stream or spring of water is called ‘Chowa’. They were traveling during summer and arrived at the site following a 40-day stay at the nearby Tilla Jogian. The nearest source of water for the people of this place during dry season was a spring at Tilla Jogian, about 14 km west of it. On the request of local people, Guru Nanak Dev Ji touched the soil, resulting into flow of fresh water spring continues till today.
- The Gurdwara stands at the base of a hill upon which theRohtas Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is situated. It is a beautiful structure with River ‘Ghan’ on one side and Rohtas Fort on the other with trees and plants around the remaining sides.
- GPS Coordinates. 32.971300N, 73.573158E.
- It is 230 Km from Lahore, 114 Km from Islamabad and about 7 Km from Grand Trunk road, near city of Jehlum.
- Access to the Gurdwara is from a link road from main Rohtas Fort road though the mountains and also via Fort.
- Another access from Rohtas Fort is from the Kabuli Darwaza, a narrow downward trail leads towards the Gurdwara.
- Tilla Jogiyan, at 3200 feet above the sea level is the highest peak of the salt range and according to a book “Lost Heritage, The Sikh legacy in Pakistan”, Guru Nanak visited Tilla Jogiyan to have a dialogue with the Jogis, regarding the path to spirituality. He conveyed the importance of leading a spiritual life as a householder over absolute worldly renunciation. This conversation is included in the Guru Granth Sahib as the Sidh Ghosth.
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh created the Sikh empire in 1799 and during his time Rohtas Fort became an important centre for the administration of the Salt range. It is said that Vaisakhi festival was also celebrated in the fields located in front of Gurdwara and people from all the religions used to participate in the festival.
- Historians also describe that during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, he used to drink water of Sarovar of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib. Water was specially transported to Lahore for Maharaja Ranjit Singh during his reign. Some believe that spiritual effects of “Jal” of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib took Ranjit Singh to the glory of Maharaja.
- ETPB and PSGPC. Keeping in view the historical importance of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib and its direct association with Baba Guru Nanak, ETPB Govt of Pakistan and PSGPC has decided to open the Gurdwara very soon for Sikh Community of the world. After opening of Gurdwara, it will be restored to its past Glory and after completing it conservation and restoration, religious rituals will also be started.
Youtube Channel Name :
Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee